Blue Cross Blue Shield Report Suggests That Obamacare Is Doing Its Job

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Blue Cross Blue Shield has a new report out that examines Obamacare enrollees in 2014 and 2015:

Health insurers gained a sicker, more expensive patient population after the Affordable Care Act expanded coverage in 2014, according to an early look at medical claims from the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association, which represents the most common brand of insurance. Newer customers had higher rates of diabetes, depression and high blood pressure, among other conditions, the association said in a report released Wednesday.

Technically, there’s nothing incorrect in that paragraph. But take a look at the actual data from the report:

It’s true that Obamacare enrollees tended to be sicker than pre-Obamacare individual enrollees. But that’s not because Obamacare enrollees are especially sick. In fact, they’re nearly identical to people enrolled through employer plans, which take all comers and therefore come pretty close to representing the average patient in America.

But if the Obamacare enrollees are about average, what does this say about the pre-Obamacare enrollees? That’s pretty obvious: they were considerably healthier than average. Why? Because insurance companies routinely refused to offer individual coverage to anyone who showed even a glimmer of poor health. Obamacare put an end to that, and that’s good news.

Oddly, the BCBS report concludes that Obamacare enrollees used more medical services and ran up higher bills compared to those in employer plans. That’s a little hard to make sense of, since Obamacare enrollees are no sicker than average and generally have higher deductibles and copays than people in employer plans, which should motivate them to use fewer medical services. One possibility is that this is related to heart disease, the one area where Obamacare enrollees really do seem to be sicker than average. Another possibility is that this is a one-time thing: lots of people had been putting off medical care, and when Obamacare kicked in they spent the next year or two making up for it.

Overall, I’d say the bottom line from this report is two things. First, Obamacare enrollees look fairly average compared to everyone else. Second, it’s still early days. It’s hard to draw conclusions based just on the startup period. We’ll know a lot more after five or ten years have passed.

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DEMOCRACY DOES NOT EXIST...

without free and fair elections, a vigorous free press, and engaged citizens to reclaim power from those who abuse it.

In this election year unlike any other—against a backdrop of a pandemic, an economic crisis, racial reckoning, and so much daily crazy—Mother Jones' journalism is driven by one simple question: Will America will move closer to, or further from, justice and equity in the years to come?

If you're able to, please join us in this mission with a donation today. Our reporting right now is focused on voting rights and election security, corruption, disinformation, racial and gender equity, and the climate crisis. We can’t do it without the support of readers like you, and we need to give it everything we've got between now and November. Thank you.

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