Did 9/11 Cause More Male Miscarriages?

Flickr/<a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/46420824@N07/" target="_blank">handmaidenbymaria</a>

For indispensable reporting on the coronavirus crisis, the election, and more, subscribe to the Mother Jones Daily newsletter.


More male fetuses than female were miscarried in the year after 9/11, a new UC Irvine study finds. According to a lead researcher, here’s why:

In this case, women across the country were undergoing a process of “communal bereavement” — empathizing with others, even if they hadn’t experienced a direct loss during 9/11.

“It’s a situation where witnessing harm, even if you don’t actually suffer yourself, can actually induce harm,” Bruckner said.

Female fetuses are hardier than males, because women have adapted to produce what Bruckner describes as “the alpha male.” In times of prosperity and security, male fetuses are more likely to be brought to term, because there’s a greater chance that they’ll be healthy and robust. During periods of scarcity, however, male miscarriages are much more common.

“A woman’s body faces a decision — evolutionary, not cognitive — of whether to carry her male baby to term, or abort the fetus,” Bruckner said. “If you’re pregnant in a time of low resources, there’s less impetus for your body to bear that child.”

So: Women were emotionally drained by 9/11, so somehow their bodies knew it’d be harder to raise an “alpha male” in such a stressful environment. Therefore, their wombs rejected the male fetuses.

I’m skeptical. For starters, how could you ever prove such a theory? For a while now another MoJo editor and I have been collecting examples of folks taking the general principle of natural selection and really just running with it, using it to explain all sorts of things. For example: Why do men prefer blondes? “Typically, young girls with light blond hair become women with brown hair. Thus, men who prefer to mate with blond women are unconsciously attempting to mate with younger women.”  Why do women like the color pink? “Being drawn to men with rosy, rather than pale, complexions may also have helped them bear healthy children.”

These are fun to think about, since the have a sort of a creation-myth feel about them. That’s probably because we’ve evolved to wonder about human nature, don’t you think? But seriously, this isn’t science, it’s speculation. And in the wrong hands, it could actually be used to undermine real evolutionary science. That could be dangerous.


SIX TRUTHS

Reclaiming power from those who abuse it often starts with telling the truth. And in "This Is How Authoritarians Get Defeated," MoJo's Monika Bauerlein unpacks six truths to remember during the homestretch of an election where democracy, truth, and decency are on the line.

Truth #1: The chaos is the point.

Truth #2: Team Reality is bigger than it seems.

Truth #3: Facebook owns this.

Truth #4: When we go to work, we're in the fight.

Truth #5: It's about minority rule.

Truth #6: The only thing that can save us is…us.

Please take a moment to see how all these truths add up, because what happens in the weeks and months ahead will reverberate for at least a generation and we better be prepared.

And if you think journalism like Mother Jones'—that calls it like it is, that will never acquiesce to power, that looks where others don't—can help guide us through this historic, high-stakes moment, and you're able to right now, please help us reach our $350,000 goal by October 31 with a donation today. It's all hands on deck for democracy.

payment methods

SIX TRUTHS

Reclaiming power from those who abuse it often starts with telling the truth. And in "This Is How Authoritarians Get Defeated," MoJo's Monika Bauerlein unpacks six truths to remember during the homestretch of an election where democracy, truth, and decency are on the line.

Truth #1: The chaos is the point.

Truth #2: Team Reality is bigger than it seems.

Truth #3: Facebook owns this.

Truth #4: When we go to work, we're in the fight.

Truth #5: It's about minority rule.

Truth #6: The only thing that can save us is…us.

Please take a moment to see how all these truths add up, because what happens in the weeks and months ahead will reverberate for at least a generation and we better be prepared.

And if you think journalism like Mother Jones'—that calls it like it is, that will never acquiesce to power, that looks where others don't—can help guide us through this historic, high-stakes moment, and you're able to right now, please help us reach our $350,000 goal by October 31 with a donation today. It's all hands on deck for democracy.

payment methods

We Recommend

Latest

Sign up for our free newsletter

Subscribe to the Mother Jones Daily to have our top stories delivered directly to your inbox.

Get our award-winning magazine

Save big on a full year of investigations, ideas, and insights.

Subscribe

Support our journalism

Help Mother Jones' reporters dig deep with a tax-deductible donation.

Donate